Monday, 7 August 2017

Be aware about Prostate cancer

prostate cancer, one of the most common types of cancer affecting men, second to skin cancer, is also one that has a high curable rate. The prostate is an exocrine gland that plays an important role in urine control in men. It also helps in retaining the fluid state of semen with the help of PSA (Prostate-Specific Antigen) produced by the prostate gland.

Prostate cancer has a high success rate of being cured, provided it is diagnosed at the early stages. Dr. Pradeep Rao, one of the best urologists in Mumbai, is renowned for his successful prostate cancer treatment in India.
Prostate cancer begins in the glandular cells of the gland, usually. This slowly causes changes in the shape and size of prostate cells. They do not show many symptoms before its progression.
Symptoms of prostate cancer
Prostate cancer does not show symptoms in the early stages. However, some of the symptoms of prostate cancer that might indicate prostate cancer include the following: -
  • Persistent urges to urinate
  • Difficulty in commencing of and maintaining urination
  • Presence of blood in urine
  • Pain during urination
  • Difficulty in maintaining and achieving an erection
  • Bone pain, bone fractures and weakness are also experienced in the progressive stages of prostate cancer.
Risk Factors of Prostate Cancer
Prostate cancer is rarely reported in men in the younger ages. The risk of prostate cancer is higher in men beyond the age of 50 years. Diet, genetic factors, obesity and excessive use of certain medications also prove a high risk of prostate cancer.
Diagnosis and Treatment
The usual diagnosis tests used to detect prostate cancer include the following: -

A biopsy test ascertaining the presence of cancer is followed up with X-rays, MRI scans, CT scan and isotope bone scans to check its intensity and spread.
The treatment plan for prostate cancer includes watchful waiting during the early stages, removal of prostate gland through surgical procedures, external beam radiotherapy and brachytherapy.
Dr. Pradeep Rao is a leading urologist in Mumbai, specialised in stone diseases and laparoscopic uro-oncology.
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Sunday, 23 July 2017

Let's Find a cure for kidney cancer

Kidney cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer deaths around the world. Kidney cancer which is also known as renal cancer is the most common cause of cancer deaths. Kidney cancers mainly originate in two parts of the kidney, the renal tubule and the renal pelvis. Older age, obesity, smoking, and high blood pressure increases the risk of developing kidney cancer. The symptoms of the kidney cancer do not generally appear in the early stages but later a person may experience blood in the urine and a lump or mass in the back, near the kidneys.
  • Constant fever 
  • Night sweats
  • Tiredness
  • Weight loss
  • Loss of appetite

The development of kidney cancer has been attributed to several environmental and lifestyle factors which include smoking, obesity and high blood pressure. Genetic disposition and diet have also been studied with regard to having a role in the etiology of kidney cancer.

It is estimated that close to 90% of kidney cancers are caused by tobacco smoke. Certain factors such as duration and intensity of smoking also playing an important role in the development of disease. Among young males there has been a significant decline in smoking resulting in a decline in the incidence of kidney cancer. Today there are numerous anti-tobacco health policies in effect that could account for this decline in smoking.

The treatment for kidney cancer depends on the size of the cancer and whether it has spread to other parts of the body. The main treatments are:
  •  Surgery 
  • Cryotherapy or radiofrequency ablation 
  • Biological therapies
  • Embolization
  • Radiotherapy

More intensive treatment provides doctors a better chances of treating the cancer. It is doctor’s role to provide best balance between the need for intensive treatment and desire to restrict side effects as much as possible.
Dr. Pradeep P. Rao who is one of the best urologist in mumbai has many years of experience to treat cancer provides best Kidney Cancer Surgery in Mumbai. The Global Hospital Mumbai has advanced technology and patient centric care at affordable rates.


Tuesday, 13 June 2017

URS : Minimally Invasive Procedure For Ureter Stone Removal

Ureteroscopy is a procedure which is used to diagnose and remove the stones in the ureter (specially for the stones in the lower half of the ureter and which is closest to the bladder). There are two kinds of Ureteroscopy:
Dianostic Ureteroscopy : In this procedure using a ureteroscope the doctor inspect and map the ureter and residual stones.
Therapeutic Ureteroscopy : This procedure is used for the treatment of stones and also for the treatment of stricture disease and urothelial tumors.

Dr Pradeep Rao, is one of the best Urology specialist in Mumbai who offers the advanced methods for Kidney stone removal in Mumbai.

Advantages Of Doing Ureteroscopy

Ureteroscopy is minimally invasive safe method for treating stones. The following are some of the advantages of Ureteroscopy:

  • Compared to ESWL (Extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy) ureteroscopic lithotripsy can achieve a greater stone-free state.
  • Ureteroscopy can be used either as primary therapy or as salvage therapy, with other treatment modalities such as ESWL and PCNL (Percutaneous nephrolithotomy).
  • Sometimes a single ureteroscopy can make the patient stone free
  • It can also used to treat ureteral stenosis and ureteropelvic junction obstruction

The Procedure

During the Therapeutic Ureteroscopic procedure, a guide wire is passed which helps and facilitate movement of the instruments while maintaining the access to the upper urinary tract and then, a ureteroscope is passed up the ureter beside the guide wire. Laser energy is then delivered to fragment the stone. Smaller stones can be removed all in one piece whereas larger stones need to broken up. Then the urologist removes the stone using a tiny wire basket that grabs the stone or by using forceps.

Ureteroscopy can also be used to push the stones that stuck in the ureter back up into the kidney. Then the stone will be broken up using lithotripsy. Most of the Therapeutic ureteroscopy are outpatient procedures. For several hours after the procedure the patient may feel burning sensation while urinating, medications will be used to minimize the discomfort.

Dr Pradeep Rao offers the best and advanced Kidney stone removal in India using Ureteroscopic procedures. The doctor uses the latest techniques for the exact Urology treatment in Mumbai at an affordable rate.

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Monday, 8 May 2017

Urology Treatment Mumbai – One Of The Best In The Country

Urology refers to a branch of medicine that focuses on diseases related to urinary tract and associated organs in men and women. The organs covered under urology includes ureters, kidney, urethra and urinary bladder. They deal with the health of male reproductive system as well, which includes vas deferens, epididymis, seminal vesicles, prostate and penis.

Doctors trained in urology, called urologist are trained to effectively diagnose, manage and treat the various disorders affecting the urinary system. Dr. Pradeep Rao is a leading consultant urologist offering the best urology treatment in Mumbai.

Should I consult a urologist?

Early diagnosis and treatment can help in achieving complete cure from diseases. It is highly recommended to consult a urologist, if you encounter the following conditions.
  • Pain during urination
  • In case of kidney stones or bladder infections
  • Infections in the urinary tract
  • Ejaculatory issues
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Male infertility issues due to low sperm count or quality.
  • Blood in urine
  • Elevated PSA levels or growth of nodules signalling prostate disorders.
  • Pain or testicular mass.

Conditions treated with Urology treatment

Urology treatment procedures include both surgical and non-surgical measures for a horde of issues in varying intensity, which ranges from congenital defects or cancers to urinary infections. They have a close association with other fields of medical science like nephrology, oncology, endocrinology, gastroenterology and gynaecology.

The different conditions treated in urology includes urinary stone diseases like kidney stones, urological cancers which includes prostate cancer, bladder cancer, kidney cancer, penile cancer, testicular cancer and so on. They also include paediatric urology conditions like undescended testes, UPJ obstruction, Torsion testes and the sort occurring in kids. Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia is another condition dealt by urology.

Dr. Pradeep P Rao, a leading consultant urologist based in Mumbai is specialised in managing and treating various conditions of urological disorders with latest techniques available in the field.

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Friday, 7 April 2017

Treatment for Prostate Cancer

A common type of cancer among men, the incidence of prostate cancer has increased over the years. Prostate cancer occurs when prostate, the gland that produces seminal fluid, develops abnormal tissue growth. Prostate cancer treatment is highly successful when started early. Though it is usually known to progress slowly, some cases of prostate cancer are reported to develop quickly and spread to other glands.

Symptoms of prostate cancer
Prostate cancer has a high probability to develop with old age, due to obesity or following a history of the disease in the family. With its growing rate nowadays, it is always good to keep an eye open for its symptoms. some of the symptoms that usually develops with prostate cancer are given below: -
  • Discomfort in the pelvic area
  • Reduced urine quantity or trouble during urination
  • Blood in semen or urine
  • Backache
  • Inflammation or swelling in legs
Diagnosis of prostate cancer
An early detection of the disease can lead to better and faster cure. If the symptoms of the disease are present it is best t get immediate medical attention. Prostate cancer treatment is based on the its diagnosis done with the following tests: -
  • Digital Rectal Examination – abnormalities in rectum are examined
  • PSA Tests – blood test to detect the presence of prostate specific antigen.
  • Ultrasound scans – trans rectal ultrasound scans are done to detect abnormal growth
  • Biopsy – tissue testing to detect the presence of cancer cells.
Prostate cancer treatment
The prostate cancer treatment methodology is based on the age of the patient, intensity of the issue and degree of spread of the disease. In cases when the progress is slow and the patient is old, watchful waiting with regular monitoring and check-ups are followed.
Other treatments followed include surgical removal of the prostate gland, external beam radiotherapy and brachytherapy which are used to kill prostate cancer cells directly. Treatments with the help of hormone therapy are used for treatment of this cancer.
Dr. Pradeep Prabhakar Rao, one of the best consultant urologist based in Mumbai offers specialised treatment for urological diseases like prostate cancer.

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Tuesday, 7 February 2017

Why Does It Pain in Lower Abdomen ?

Kidney Stones are solid masses made of minute crystals. Kidney stones usually originate in the kidneys but can develop anywhere along the urinary tract. The urinary tract includes the kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder and urethra. Kidney stones are one of the most painful medical conditions. The causes of kidney stones vary depending on the type of stone. The different types of kidney stones include Calcium, Uric Acid, Struvite and Sistine.

The greatest risk factor of having kidney stones is making less than one liter of urine per day. Kidney stones are most likely to occur between the ages of 20 and 40. Some of the risk factors include dehydration, obesity, hyperthyroid conditions and gastric and inflammatory bowel diseases.
Kidney stones cause severe pain. Symptoms of kidney stones may not occur until the stone begins to move down the ureters. Other symptoms of kidney stones can include: 
  • Blood in the urine.
  • Nausea.
  • Discoloured and foul-smelling urine.
  • Fever.
  • Frequent need to urinate
  • Passing small amounts of urine.
Diagnosis of kidney stones requires a complete health history assessment and physical examination. Blood tests for checking the presence of calcium, phosphorus, uric acid and electrolytes. Complete urine analysis to check for crystals, bacteria, blood and white cells. Examination of passed stones to determine its type. abdominal X-rays, ultrasound of the kidney, MRI of the abdomen and kidneys, abdominal CT scan are also taken for detailed analysis
Treatment is decided according to the type of stone. Some of the treatment options are:
  • Medication.
  • Lithotripsy.
  • Tunnel Surgery.
  • Ureteroscopy.
Dr. Pradeep Rao is a renowned Urologist in Mumbai who offers exact kidney stone treatment after a thorough diagnosis of the patient with the help of a dedicated team.
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Monday, 26 December 2016

Get Rid of Painful Kidney Stones

Urinary Tract Stones are more common in men than woman. Kidney stone not only troubles the bladder but also gives much pain in the abdomen and pelvic area. The following persons are at a higher risk of being affected by kidney stones:
  • Persons who already had stones in one kidney
  • Those with a hereditary background of kidney stones
  • People between 20-49 years who are exposed to multiple kidney stone attacks
  • Hyperuricemia is the condition of excess uric acid in the blood. Uric acid kidney stones are very common among them.
  • Increase progesterone levels, reduce intake of fluid, decreased the capacity of the urinary bladder due to the enlarged uterus, and excretion of calcium in the urine make pregnant women prone to kidney stones
Symptoms of  Kidney Stone

The urgency of urination, difficulty in urination, penile pain, and testicular pain are the base symptoms. If anybody has an infection in the urinary bladder, it causes chills and fever. Severe cramping is experienced by the person in the abdomen, lower back, and groin characterized by nausea and vomiting.

Drinking plenty of water rehydrates the body and the accumulated stones will be flushed out through urine commonly. The pain and discomfort are settled down by painkillers and anti-inflammatory tablets. Intravenous treatment is administered to the patients to stop the persistent pain, nausea, and vomiting. The treatment for kidney stone depends on the sizes of the stones present. A 4 mm stone will come out of urine while a 5 mm one has a meager chance of being let out. 9-10 mm stones are treated with calcium channel blockers and alpha blocker medicines to elevate the urination to flush out the kidney stones. Lithotripsy method is final when all attempts fail. With the help of shock waves, the stones will be crushed which will come out through urine.
Dr. Pradeep Rao is a renowned Kidney Stone Specialist in Mumbai who offers exact renal calculi treatment after a thorough diagnosis of the patient. His Renal Calculi Treatment in Mumbai over the years has offered the best to each and every patient and provided complete relief from pain and discomfort.
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