Sunday, 28 January 2018

No More Renal Stones With Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy Surgery

Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is an advanced technique to treat large renal stones formed in the kidney. PCNL is a well-established technique that is giving a higher rate of success.

PCNL surgery procedure

In the PCNL surgery, a puncture is created on the skin through the kidney to the stone. A telescopic port is inserted through the puncture. A telescope is otherwise known as a Nephroscope is passed through this port into the kidney to crush the stone, break it into pieces and remove the debris from the stone. PCNL surgery is performed usually under a general or epidural anesthesia and the real-time X-ray control is called fluoroscopy. The surgery lasts up to 2 hours. Soon after the surgery, the patient is shifted to the recovery room. If the patient is completely awakened with stable vital signs, then he will be taken to the hospital room.

Post-operative pain: The pain is controlled with analgesic and other relevant medication. It is given as either intravenous saline or injection shots. The urine is drained with the help of Nephrostomy tube for 2 days. In most of the cases, the tube is removed before the discharge from the hospital. Within the ureter to the bladder stents are inserted to promote drainage from the kidney. After 2 weeks, the stents are removed.

PCNL advantages:
  • Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy treats a large or intricate stone with a minimally invasive procedure when compared with the conventional treatment i.e. making a large incision and a longer stay in the hospital
  • The recovery occurs in a short time in PCNL than the traditional open surgical type
  • The patient can resume his works quickly
PCNL is recommended for the following symptoms
  • Blocked urine flow
  • Pain in the flanks
  • Urine leakage
  • Recurrent urinary tract infection by kidney stones
Dr. Pradeep P. Rao is a top urologist in Mumbai. With his vast experience, he provides the best treatment for the Kidney stone removal in Mumbai at his Global hospital.

Mail us @
Visit @

Friday, 8 December 2017

What is penile cancer and what are the types of penile cancer?

Penile cancer is cancer occurred on the skin of the penis or in the penis. It is a rare type of cancer and mostly affects men over the age of 50. Dr. Pradeep P. Rao of the Dept. of Urology in Global Hospital, Mumbai has vast experience to treat penile cancer.

How many types of penile cancer are?

Penile cancer has several types, which depends on the cell type from where cancer is developed. The types of penile cancer include
  • Carcinoma in situ- only cells of penis skin are affected and not spread deeper
  • Squamous cell penile cancer- occurs in the cells that cover the penis surface
  • Adenocarcinoma- occurs from the glandular cells of the penis
  • Melanoma of the penis- occurs in skin cells that provide skin its color

What are the symptoms of penile cancer?

The symptoms of penile cancer include
  • Bleeding from the foreskin or the penis
  • A sore or a growth of the penis
  • Discharge of foul smell
  • Over thickening of the skin that makes foreskin, difficult to draw back
  • A change in the penis skin or foreskin color
  • A rash on the penis

What are the causes/risk factors for developing penile cancer?

The causes of penile cancer are not known properly, but there are certain factors that can increase the chances of occurring penile cancer. They are
  • Presence of human papillomavirus (HPV)
  • Age above 40
  • Smoking
  • Phimosis
  • Infections

What are the treatment options available for penile cancer?

The treatment for penile cancer depends on the size and shape of the affected area. Generally, the skin graft is suggested after the surgery to avoid any further problem. The major treatment options for penile cancer are
  • Surgery
  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiotherapy

When is it recommended to see the doctor?

A visit to doctor is recommended when
  • A visible growth or sore present on the penis
  • Seen some unusual symptoms that are not regular
  • Symptoms that persist on the penis

Global Hospital, Mumbai has all the advanced techniques and infrastructure to treat penile cancer. 

Mail us @

Monday, 9 October 2017

Kidney Stone Removal - No Hurt More...

Are You Searching For kidney stone specialist in Mumbai? Then Reach Dr.Pradheep Rao, the best urologist in Mumbai provides kidney stone removal effectively using most advanced technologies.

 A kidney stone is a solid material that is usually found in the urinary tract. At the time of urination, these stones come out with urine. Sometimes these stones are larger and block the passage of urine hence causes pain. In order to relieve the pain, medication is necessary. It is better to start the treatment for kidney stone removal at the initial stage rather than becoming chronic.
Kidney filters out the fluid waste materials inside the body. These waste materials then flow through ureters (thin tubes). From the ureters, it reaches urinary bladder and leaves the body through the urethra.

Causes of Kidney Stone

  • Combination of some minerals and salts increases the chances of stones.
  • Some drug usage (chemotherapy drugs, diuretics, salicylates).
  • Lead poisoning.
  • Treatment of blood cancer.
  • Anemia
  • Chronic diarrhea

Certain lifestyle factors are also responsible for kidney stones. They are specific foods with high animal protein and low fiber. Those who experience stress have chances of stone. Patients who are bedridden have high chances of stones

Types of kidney stones and Their Formation

  • Calcium Stones- These stones are formed of calcium, especially combined with oxalate or oxalic acid.
  • Uric Acid Stones- Nitrogen compounds in the food is responsible for uric acid stones.
  • Struvite Stones: These stones are formed of magnesium ammonium sulphate.
  • Cystine Stones: Amino Acid cystines, the building block of proteins are responsible for cystine stones.
  • Xanthine Stones: These stones are composed of xanthine a nitrogen compound.
  • Eating fiber-rich food, low salt, and low protein diets may decrease the chances of kidney stones.

For enquiries and appointment

Just mail us @
Visit our site :

Monday, 7 August 2017

Be aware about Prostate cancer

prostate cancer, one of the most common types of cancer affecting men, second to skin cancer, is also one that has a high curable rate. The prostate is an exocrine gland that plays an important role in urine control in men. It also helps in retaining the fluid state of semen with the help of PSA (Prostate-Specific Antigen) produced by the prostate gland.

Prostate cancer has a high success rate of being cured, provided it is diagnosed at the early stages. Dr. Pradeep Rao, one of the best urologists in Mumbai, is renowned for his successful prostate cancer treatment in India.
Prostate cancer begins in the glandular cells of the gland, usually. This slowly causes changes in the shape and size of prostate cells. They do not show many symptoms before its progression.
Symptoms of prostate cancer
Prostate cancer does not show symptoms in the early stages. However, some of the symptoms of prostate cancer that might indicate prostate cancer include the following: -
  • Persistent urges to urinate
  • Difficulty in commencing of and maintaining urination
  • Presence of blood in urine
  • Pain during urination
  • Difficulty in maintaining and achieving an erection
  • Bone pain, bone fractures and weakness are also experienced in the progressive stages of prostate cancer.
Risk Factors of Prostate Cancer
Prostate cancer is rarely reported in men in the younger ages. The risk of prostate cancer is higher in men beyond the age of 50 years. Diet, genetic factors, obesity and excessive use of certain medications also prove a high risk of prostate cancer.
Diagnosis and Treatment
The usual diagnosis tests used to detect prostate cancer include the following: -

A biopsy test ascertaining the presence of cancer is followed up with X-rays, MRI scans, CT scan and isotope bone scans to check its intensity and spread.
The treatment plan for prostate cancer includes watchful waiting during the early stages, removal of prostate gland through surgical procedures, external beam radiotherapy and brachytherapy.
Dr. Pradeep Rao is a leading urologist in Mumbai, specialised in stone diseases and laparoscopic uro-oncology.
For more details,

 Visit us:


Sunday, 23 July 2017

Let's Find a cure for kidney cancer

Kidney cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer deaths around the world. Kidney cancer which is also known as renal cancer is the most common cause of cancer deaths. Kidney cancers mainly originate in two parts of the kidney, the renal tubule and the renal pelvis. Older age, obesity, smoking, and high blood pressure increases the risk of developing kidney cancer. The symptoms of the kidney cancer do not generally appear in the early stages but later a person may experience blood in the urine and a lump or mass in the back, near the kidneys.
  • Constant fever 
  • Night sweats
  • Tiredness
  • Weight loss
  • Loss of appetite

The development of kidney cancer has been attributed to several environmental and lifestyle factors which include smoking, obesity and high blood pressure. Genetic disposition and diet have also been studied with regard to having a role in the etiology of kidney cancer.

It is estimated that close to 90% of kidney cancers are caused by tobacco smoke. Certain factors such as duration and intensity of smoking also playing an important role in the development of disease. Among young males there has been a significant decline in smoking resulting in a decline in the incidence of kidney cancer. Today there are numerous anti-tobacco health policies in effect that could account for this decline in smoking.

The treatment for kidney cancer depends on the size of the cancer and whether it has spread to other parts of the body. The main treatments are:
  •  Surgery 
  • Cryotherapy or radiofrequency ablation 
  • Biological therapies
  • Embolization
  • Radiotherapy

More intensive treatment provides doctors a better chances of treating the cancer. It is doctor’s role to provide best balance between the need for intensive treatment and desire to restrict side effects as much as possible.
Dr. Pradeep P. Rao who is one of the best urologist in mumbai has many years of experience to treat cancer provides best Kidney Cancer Surgery in Mumbai. The Global Hospital Mumbai has advanced technology and patient centric care at affordable rates.


Tuesday, 13 June 2017

URS : Minimally Invasive Procedure For Ureter Stone Removal

Ureteroscopy is a procedure which is used to diagnose and remove the stones in the ureter (specially for the stones in the lower half of the ureter and which is closest to the bladder). There are two kinds of Ureteroscopy:
Dianostic Ureteroscopy : In this procedure using a ureteroscope the doctor inspect and map the ureter and residual stones.
Therapeutic Ureteroscopy : This procedure is used for the treatment of stones and also for the treatment of stricture disease and urothelial tumors.

Dr Pradeep Rao, is one of the best Urology specialist in Mumbai who offers the advanced methods for Kidney stone removal in Mumbai.

Advantages Of Doing Ureteroscopy

Ureteroscopy is minimally invasive safe method for treating stones. The following are some of the advantages of Ureteroscopy:

  • Compared to ESWL (Extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy) ureteroscopic lithotripsy can achieve a greater stone-free state.
  • Ureteroscopy can be used either as primary therapy or as salvage therapy, with other treatment modalities such as ESWL and PCNL (Percutaneous nephrolithotomy).
  • Sometimes a single ureteroscopy can make the patient stone free
  • It can also used to treat ureteral stenosis and ureteropelvic junction obstruction

The Procedure

During the Therapeutic Ureteroscopic procedure, a guide wire is passed which helps and facilitate movement of the instruments while maintaining the access to the upper urinary tract and then, a ureteroscope is passed up the ureter beside the guide wire. Laser energy is then delivered to fragment the stone. Smaller stones can be removed all in one piece whereas larger stones need to broken up. Then the urologist removes the stone using a tiny wire basket that grabs the stone or by using forceps.

Ureteroscopy can also be used to push the stones that stuck in the ureter back up into the kidney. Then the stone will be broken up using lithotripsy. Most of the Therapeutic ureteroscopy are outpatient procedures. For several hours after the procedure the patient may feel burning sensation while urinating, medications will be used to minimize the discomfort.

Dr Pradeep Rao offers the best and advanced Kidney stone removal in India using Ureteroscopic procedures. The doctor uses the latest techniques for the exact Urology treatment in Mumbai at an affordable rate.

Mail Us :

Monday, 8 May 2017

Urology Treatment Mumbai – One Of The Best In The Country

Urology refers to a branch of medicine that focuses on diseases related to urinary tract and associated organs in men and women. The organs covered under urology includes ureters, kidney, urethra and urinary bladder. They deal with the health of male reproductive system as well, which includes vas deferens, epididymis, seminal vesicles, prostate and penis.

Doctors trained in urology, called urologist are trained to effectively diagnose, manage and treat the various disorders affecting the urinary system. Dr. Pradeep Rao is a leading consultant urologist offering the best urology treatment in Mumbai.

Should I consult a urologist?

Early diagnosis and treatment can help in achieving complete cure from diseases. It is highly recommended to consult a urologist, if you encounter the following conditions.
  • Pain during urination
  • In case of kidney stones or bladder infections
  • Infections in the urinary tract
  • Ejaculatory issues
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Male infertility issues due to low sperm count or quality.
  • Blood in urine
  • Elevated PSA levels or growth of nodules signalling prostate disorders.
  • Pain or testicular mass.

Conditions treated with Urology treatment

Urology treatment procedures include both surgical and non-surgical measures for a horde of issues in varying intensity, which ranges from congenital defects or cancers to urinary infections. They have a close association with other fields of medical science like nephrology, oncology, endocrinology, gastroenterology and gynaecology.

The different conditions treated in urology includes urinary stone diseases like kidney stones, urological cancers which includes prostate cancer, bladder cancer, kidney cancer, penile cancer, testicular cancer and so on. They also include paediatric urology conditions like undescended testes, UPJ obstruction, Torsion testes and the sort occurring in kids. Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia is another condition dealt by urology.

Dr. Pradeep P Rao, a leading consultant urologist based in Mumbai is specialised in managing and treating various conditions of urological disorders with latest techniques available in the field.

For more details,
Visit us:
Mail us: